The history of tobacco control in Bangladesh dates back to 1890 when the Railways Act of 1890 identified smoking in any compartment of a train without taking permission of the other passengers as an offense punishable by a fine. The Juvenile Smoking Act of 1919 banned selling of any tobacco product to minor (under the age of 16 years). Several metropolitan police ordinances of the 1980s and 1990s imposed fines for smoking in public buildings or ignoring the no-smoking signs posted by the authority of the buildings. The government of Bangladesh has taken several initiatives to reduce tobacco use.
Bangladesh is the first signatory countries of WHO FCTC. Bangladesh signed on 16 June2003 and ratified on 14 June 2004. In 2005, government passed a comprehensive tobacco control law and amended in 2013 in line with FCTC and in 2015 passed rules to facilitate the enforcement of law. The National Strategic Plan of Action for Tobacco Control (2007-2010) was implemented. The National Tobacco Control Cell (NTCC) has been established with the technical assistance of WHO, which has become the hub of national coordination of tobacco control activities and a referral and support centre for all tobacco control stakeholders, including NGOs, in Bangladesh.
List of legislation’s related to Tobacco Control in Bangladesh
|1976||Dhaka, Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
|1978||Chittagong, Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
|1992||Rajshahi, Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
|1985||Khulna, Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
|2009||Barisal, Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
|2009||Sylhet Metropolitan Police Ordinance|
Amended version 2013
|The Smoking and Tobacco Products Usage (Control) Act, 2005|
- Smoking and Tobacco Product Usages (Control) Act 2005
- Smoking and Tobacco Product Usages (Control) Amended Act 2005
- Tobacco Control Law and Rules and Related Government Orders,2008
- Rules (Bengali) of Smoking and Tobacco Product Usages (Control) Act